Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10437/12444
Título: Alexithymia among long-term drug users: a pilot study in Oporto
Autores: Souto, Maria Teresa Soares
Alves, Hélder
Dias, Ana Rita Conde
Pinto, Luísa
Ribeiro, Óscar
Palavras-chave: ALEXITHYMIA
DRUGS CONSUMPTION
MENTAL HEALTH
TAS-20
FATORES DE RISCO
PSICOLOGIA
PSYCHOLOGY
ALEXITIMIA
CONSUMO DE DROGAS
SAÚDE MENTAL
RISK FACTORS
Editora: MedCrave
Citação: Souto, T., Alves, H., Conde, A.R., Pinto, L., & Ribeiro, O. (2019). Alexithymia among long-term drug users: a pilot study in Oporto. Journal of psychology and clinical psychiatry., 10 (5), 181-185.
Resumo: Increasing scientific evidence supports an association between alexithymia and psychoactive substance use. This study explores alexithymia ́s expression in sample of long-term drug users, undergoing outpatient treatment in public health units in Oporto, Portugal, as well as its ́ association with social demographic risk factors. Data was collected from a sample of 90 adults, participants, mainly men (n=90; 87%), considered to be old consumers (81% with a age>40 years), with a mean age of 46.1 years (SD=8.3; range=21–64).Two instruments were used: a sociodemographic questionnaire and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). More than 51.1% of the individuals were alexithymic, indicating a high prevalence of deficits in emotional awareness. The treatment period varied from 0 to 15 years, included a medication in 55% of cases, mostly methadone (83%). This profile illustrates the gradual aging of the long-term users of illicit drugs and alcohol with a clear diagnosis of an emotional disorder. Therefore, clinicians who develop treatment strategies may want to take into account the likelihood that many of their patients may be alexithymic; in being so, they should integrate specific psychotherapeutic techniques that promote both the identification and the differentiation in emotionally dysfunctional patients.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10437/12444
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JPCPY-10-00650.pdfIncreasing scientific evidence supports an association between alexithymia and psychoactive substance use. This study explores alexithymia ́s expression in sample of long-term drug users, undergoing outpatient treatment in public health units in Oporto, Portugal, as well as its ́ association with social demographic risk factors. Data was collected from a sample of 90 adults, participants, mainly men (n=90; 87%), considered to be old consumers (81% with a age>40 years), with a mean age of 46.1 years (SD=8.3; range=21–64).Two instruments were used: a sociodemographic questionnaire and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). More than 51.1% of the individuals were alexithymic, indicating a high prevalence of deficits in emotional awareness. The treatment period varied from 0 to 15 years, included a medication in 55% of cases, mostly methadone (83%). This profile illustrates the gradual aging of the long-term users of illicit drugs and alcohol with a clear diagnosis of an emotional disorder. Therefore, clinicians who develop treatment strategies may want to take into account the likelihood that many of their patients may be alexithymic; in being so, they should integrate specific psychotherapeutic techniques that promote both the identification and the differentiation in emotionally dysfunctional patients.539.17 kBAdobe PDFVer/Abrir


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